Pai Gow Casino Game

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Pai Gow Poker is an excellent alternative to playing in a casino, not the classic; Poker. This is especially certain for players who play much more comfortably at a slightly slower pace. This particular table game is played with a 52-card French deck and a joke and incorporates the. Pai Gow Poker is a card variation of the Chinese domino game called Pai Gow. It's an exciting but relaxed casino game that has become extremely popular. Playing Pai Gow Poker is actually really easy to learn.

Have you ever played pai gow?

It’s a game played with Chinese dominoes. And it’s the inspiration for pai gow poker, the game we’re covering in this guide.

You’ll find it in both brick-and-mortar and online casinos. It’s fun to play and relatively easy to learn. We played a few rounds earlier to refresh our memories on how to play it.

We picked it up in only three to four hands. No prior instruction needed.

You can do it too, though it’ll probably be easier if you learn the basics first. We cover that, along with pai gow poker variants and strategy, in our game guide below.

Let’s get started.

Where Does Pai Gow Poker Come From?

Pai gow poker got started in the United States. It’s inspired by – but not to be confused with – pai gow, the Chinese domino game.

Pai gow poker was created in the USA by Sam Torosian and Fred Wolf.

Sam Torosian is the one who invented the game. But no one really knows who he is. The reason why is sort of sad.

Sam received bad legal advice from both Mike Caro, a poker player and author, and a lawyer. Both said card games were public domain. In other words, Sam couldn’t patent his game.

After adding the game to his casino floor, and Fred Wolf doing the same in the casino he managed, pai gow poker took off.

Unfortunately, Torosian later found out he could patent pai gow poker. But he had only one year after introducing the game before it became public domain.

Sam missed his window…and an estimated $70,000+ per month in royalty checks.

For that reason, you won’t have any problems finding pai gow poker. It’s offered at nearly every casino.

And it’s probably also because of Torosian’s mistake that Fred Wolf patented every other game he’s invented. Those include Sweepstakes Blackjack, Fast-Action Hold’em, Lucky Pan-9, and Pai Gow Jokers.

Pai gow poker is a game played against the dealer. As many as seven players can play at once.

It’s played with a standard 52-card deck and a single joker. Your object is to take seven cards and turn them into two hands which can beat the dealer.

There are some restrictions on how you can make your hand. We’ll cover what these are as we walk you through a sample hand.

The game starts with you making your bet. In some games, like the one you’ll find on Bovada, you only have the one option – no additional side bets. Others, however, will have more.

Once everyone makes their bets, cards are shuffled and dealt. Each player receives a pile of seven cards face down.

In live games, betting positions are assigned numbers one through seven. This is done electronically or with dice. This determines where the action starts. The action will continue from the starting point counter-clockwise around the table.

If no one is in a spot, the hand is still assigned and the cards are discarded. However, some casinos will deal the hand to the empty seat. This is called a “dragon hand.” And after each player has had their turn, the dealer will ask who wants to bet on the dragon hand.

The first player who accepts the bet gets it. They can bet up to their original wager. Ultimately this is like playing two separate hands.

The rules vary, but dragon hands may have to be set the “house way.” The reason is because the player has already seen their cards, which gives them additional knowledge they could otherwise use to set the dragon hand.

It depends on where you play. And it’s unlikely you’ll find this option online, anyway. At most online casinos, you’ll play only one hand.

Your objective will be to split your seven cards into two hands:

  • In Front or On Top – This hand will have two cards in it.
  • Bottom or Behind – This hand will have five cards in it.

Your objective is for each hand to beat each of the dealer’s hands. But you can’t set your hands however you want. There are a few rules you need to follow:

  • Your bottom hand needs to be stronger than your top.
  • The joker is a semi-wild. It can be used as an ace, or to complete a straight, flush, straight flush, or royal flush.

Once everyone sets their hand, the dealer will set his hand. Most pai gow poker rules say dealers have to set their hands the house way. What the house way is will vary from casino to casino.

Then hands are compared. Normal poker hand rankings are used. Some casinos consider A2345 the second-highest straight, which is something you want to beware of before you play.

Here’s what happens next:

  • If you have the same hand as the dealer – if you tie – you will lose your bet to the casino. It’s not a push.
  • If you win both hands, you win even money on your bet minus a 5% commission.
  • If you lose one hand and win the other, the bet will push. You’ll get your bet back.

Then bets are collected and paid out, which signals the end of a round of pai gow poker.

Then cards are reshuffled and new bets are made for the next round.

In some live games, you’ll have the option to bank or co-bank the game.

Most players don’t. They pass when it’s offered. But they’re missing out on a chance to reduce the house edge.

If you want to bank, you’ll need a large enough bankroll to pay out players whose hand beats yours. The good news is that if you’re the sole banker, you can set your hands however you want. Between that and the fact that 41.48% percent of hands tie, you shouldn’t need that large of a bankroll.

Doing so will cut the house edge nearly in half.

The other option is to co-bank. You’ll split the winnings and losses in half with the casino. This means you can get by on a smaller bankroll. But co-banking also means you’ll need to set your cards the house way.

Either way, banking’s the best approach to take in pai gow poker if you want to reduce the house edge as much as possible.

Pai Gow Poker Variants

The following are the most common pai gow poker variants and side bets you’ll come across.

  • Pai Gow Mania – This offers two side bets based on your first three cards, and then on all seven of your cards.
  • Fortune Pai Gow – You make a side bet on a poker hand ranking of trips or better. This is one of the more popular variations.
  • Emperors Challenge – This is a side bet on a seven-card pai gow (no hand).
  • Pai Gow Progressive – A progressive jackpot you can play for $1.
  • Commission-Free – In some games, like those in Washington State, the casino will not charge their 5% commission on banker wins. They only make a profit on the banker’s advantage and side bets. This gives the banker a 1.30% advantage (or anyone playing against the banker a 1.30% disadvantage).
  • EZ Pai Gow Poker – A commission-free game. If the dealer has exactly a queen high five-card hand, the hand will automatically end in a push. There are usually four side bets to bet on – dynasty bonus, bonus bet, protection bet, and red/black.
  • Queen’s Dragon – A side bet. It pays if the dealer has exactly a queen high pai gow hand. Payouts range from 45-50 (to 1).
  • No Push Pai Gow Poker – Available in Palace Station Casino in Las Vegas. The dealer’s always the banker. There’s no 5% commission. If you win both hands, you truly get paid even money.

After seven players are dealt, there are four cards left over. Two cards are placed face down – one for the dealer and the other for the player. In the event of a push, these cards are used as a tiebreaker. If the dealer’s card is equal or better, the banker wins. Otherwise, the player wins.

  • Jokolor – This is a side bet. It pays if you have a joker and/or all cards of the same color. This has a 3.9% house edge.

These are the most popular variants.

Some casinos also offer pai gow poker tournaments. But there’s not much information about them online.

Our best guess is that these operate like blackjack tournaments. You buy in for a fixed amount, and the last person or people standing wins a percentage of the prize pool.

Pai gow poker is a low-edge game. Almost 42% of hands are pushes. Between that and the slow rate of play, pai gow poker’s house edge is 2.84%.

You can reduce the edge even more by banking. And you can reduce it even more than that by following optimal strategy and/or following the house way.

But some of you want actual tips or strategy you can use the next time you play. So here is some advice on how to play specific hands.

Let’s start with some general advice:

  • Don’t split single pairs. Keep them in your five-card hand.
  • Split two pairs. Keep the strongest pair in your five-card hand.
  • Three pairs – keep the weaker two pair in your strongest hand. Place the stronger pair in your two-card hand.
  • If you’re dealt a three-of-a-kind, keep it intact with your five-card hand. The exception is if you’re holding three aces. Then you might consider splitting it up and placing an ace in your two-card hand.
  • If you’re dealt two three-of-a-kind hands, split the highest-ranking one and place the pair in your two-card hand.

Now let’s look at hand-specific strategy.

  • Keep straights and flushes together unless you also have two pair or three of a kind. Then split them up to make a strong two-card hand.
  • If you have two pair, follow the strategy outlined above. Split them, while putting the weaker pair in your two-card hand.
  • If you have a three of a kind, split it. Keep the straight or flush intact (if possible), while moving the pair to your two-card hand.
  • If you have quad 7s through aces, split them. Put a pair in your two-card hand. The exception is if you also have an ace or king. Then keep your quads intact and set your ace or king-high hand as your two-card hand.
  • If you have quad 2s through 6s, always keep them intact.

You can also learn pai gow poker strategy from using a game-specific calculator. You’ll find one here.

These calculators will give you advice on how to split your hand in a way that produces the highest long-term expected value.

For example, say you’re dealt 8d, 8c, Kc, Js, 6c, 4c, and 2d. The calculator will tell you to split your hand up like this:

Not only can you use this to figure out the best way to set your hand as you play, but you can also set your hand first, then check the calculator to see how close you are.

Keep in mind you may have to adjust if the place where you’re playing sets their hands differently.

Other than all the strategy above, you can also gain an advantage by hole carding or edge sorting, which is basically by knowing what the dealer has by using clues, card or dealer errors, or peeking – which you’ll use to sort your hand in the most optimal way.

But full disclosure – depending on where you play, how you gain this information, and your own moral compass, this ranges from taking advantage of casino errors to full-blown cheating.

Whatever you choose to do, if anything, know that all actions, responsibility, and (often severe) consequences are yours.

Playing Pai Gow Poker Online

There are a couple things to know about playing pai gow poker online.

  • RealTime Gaming rounds their commission on winnings hands up to the nearest 0.25. This can have a significant impact on bets not in an increment of $5. The smaller your bets, the more you’ll see the impact of the house edge.
  • Bonuses are hit-and-miss for pai gow poker players. Some casinos allow you to play pai gow and earn bonuses. Others don’t.

For example, doesn’t allow you to play pai gow poker to clear the bonus requirements EXCEPT for when the offer specifically says you can.

Planet 7 also wants you to wager 60x instead of 30x when you receive their cash-back payment.

But at other casinos, you’ll have to wager 3x-5x, sometimes as much as 10x, the standard wager requirements.

Not every casino explicitly says what their rules are. So you may need to look for “poker” terms in their T&C’s. It might also be a good idea to reach out to support with any questions you may have.

Other than those two things, online pai gow poker’s straightforward. Most, if not all, online casinos offer it, though it will be harder to find a mobile-friendly version unless the casino runs on HTML.

This is especially true for US-facing casinos. They often have a smaller selection of (mobile) table games and prefer to offer more mainstream games, like blackjack.

The best way to know for sure, though, is to read our casino reviews.

Pai gow poker’s an easy game to learn. Read our rules and launch a free game, and you’ll have it down in no time.

This is one of the better games to learn, too, from the fun behind the poker element to the low house edge to the strategy you can learn to get the house edge down even lower.

On top of that, you have all the different variations, side bets, and different ways each casino sets their hand the house way.

All that to say that you should definitely take the time to learn pai gow poker. You won’t regret it.


Here are some commonly asked questions we receive about pai gow poker, and our answers.

Here are a couple apps we found:

  • Pai Gow Poker – This is a free app for Android.
  • Classic Paigow Poker – This is a free app for iOS.

Keep in mind that all gambling apps will be for play money only.

Some people learn better by video. So here are a couple of pai gow poker tutorials available on YouTube:

  • Learn how to play Pai Gow Poker by WinStar World Casino
  • Pai Gow Poker Tutorial by Michael Shackleford aka the Wizard of Odds

Some people consider hole carding or edge sorting to be cheating.

Hole carding is finding out what the dealer or your opponents have when you’re not supposed to know. This can happen by dealer error or when players talk about their hands.

Edge sorting is finding a flaw in the cards the casino is using. This can be a mark or smudge of some kind. Once you find out what the value of this card is, you can use that information to better set your hand. This strategy becomes more effective the more widespread the mark/smudge is throughout the deck.

Other than that, common forms of cheating including marking the cards (like edge sorting) and player/dealer collusion.

What’s the best way to practice pai gow poker?

Pai Gow Casino Table Games

The easiest, cheapest, and least stressful way is to find an online casino that offers a free version of pai gow poker. This way you don’t have to spend money learning the game or worry about holding other players up when playing live.

Most casinos let you play for free. We recommend Bovada or Ignition Casino because you can play their free games without creating an account or logging in.

This is also a great way to practice pai gow poker strategy because you’ll have all the time you need.

We’re sure there is. But between the (free) online casinos, apps, social media platforms, and so on, there’s no need to pay for or download any additional programs. You’re betting off playing at an online casino, which will mirror the conditions you’ll experience playing online. That’s what we suggest.

Title., GrandWild Casino and Sports betting web site is a gaming site with over 800 worlds top casino games and over 5000 sports betting opportunities every day on such sports as football. Wild casino online.

You can (and should) also play with the pai gow poker calculators we mentioned earlier in our strategy section.

What are pai gow tiles?

According to the Wizard of Odds (WOO), this is one of the oldest casino games. It even predates roulette and baccarat.

This game is similar to pai gow poker in that you need to make both high and low hands, then compare them with the banker. However, this game’s much harder to learn because the order of hands and tiles are (apparently) random and difficult to memorize.

However, the WOO says this game’s great for bankroll preservation. Only about thirty hands are played per hour, and like the poker version, around 41% of hands are a push. So this is a great game to learn if you’re wanting the most bang for your buck.

Have a question about pai gow poker we didn’t answer above? Send us an email and let us know!

Pai Gow Poker is one of those Americanized Chinese gambling games that today are part of almost every casino. This game is a social game just as poker and can be played by six players simultaneously using a 52-card deck. In addition to the players, land-based casinos appoint a dealer at the table to assist players. Similar to other casino games, the players in Pai Gow Poker play against the house, not against each other.

This game came to be when a Chinese game called Pai Gow in which dominoes were used, was mixed with poker cards. What came out as a result was a gambling game with a very reasonably low risk compared to other games. Pai Gow Poker is a more of a game of skill, although learning the cards and using the skills is not that farfetched for beginners. The hands are easy and obvious, and strategies can be applied without much difficulty. The fact that all the players play together against the house makes this game very fun and leisure game.

The game as we know it today was established in California in the mid-80s in 1985. The person that invented the game first began offering it at his own casino, and later the game began appearing across many other casinos without prior permission of its author due to a lack of patent for the game. Since then Pai Gow Poker has brought millions of players to casinos and the game today has a well-deserved status.

Pai Gow Poker Rules

Pai Gow Poker uses many rules that are commonly known in standard poker, such as:

  • The game is played with standard fifty-two cards and a joker from a single deck only.
  • As in other games, the joker is used to complete a hand like straight flush, flush, straight or royal flush, and it can be used instead of an Ace.
  • Each player receives 7 cards along with the dealer too after all the players have made their bets previously.
  • With these seven cards, the players have to form two hands, one five card hand and one two card hand. The only condition is for the five card hand to be of higher value than the two card hand.
  • The two card hand will always be a pair of the highest possible value, while the five card hand will be a standard poker hand.
  • The dealer will reveal his cards after the players have divided their cards. The dealer follows a special rule referred to as the House Way. This rule is actually a predetermined manner in which the dealer will play the cards. This rule varies from casino to casino.
  • The two hands of each player are then compared against the dealer’s hand and the player with the two hands of higher values will take his winnings.
  • There is a special rule for a tie. If the two card hand of both the player and the dealer are composed of pair of Kings or Aces, then the house wins.
  • In order for the player to win his both hands need to be stronger than the dealer’s hands. In this case the bet pays 1 to 1. If the player loses one hand to the dealer, then it’s a push. In all other scenarios, the player loses. Five percent commission is taken of each winning.
  • The banker role rotates between players, and each player can refuse the role.

The Basics of Pai Gow Poker

Objective of the Game

The objective in Pai Gow Poker is for players to assemble hands that are stronger than the dealer in order to beat the house and win the bet with the help of seven cards. The only chance to win is to have both hands of higher value. The lower hand, which is the two card hand is always a pair (if there two cards of same value) while the higher five card hand can be any of the standard hands used in poker. The two card hand mustn’t be of a higher value than the five card hand.

Pai Gow Poker Hands

In order to form a hand, players can use a joker. It can be used to replace a card any kind of straight or flush. In other cases the joker is valued as an Ace. The following are the hands in Pai Gow Poker arranged from the weakest to the strongest:

  • No Pair hand is a hand that has no cards that can be combined together to form a pair.
  • One Pair is a hand consisted of any two cards of the same value.
  • Two Pair is a hand consisted of two pairs with cards of the same value.
  • Three of a Kind is a hand consisted of three cards of the same value.
  • Straight is a hand in which all cards are arranged in a sequence, for example from 6 to 10.
  • Flush is a hand in which all cards are of the same suite, either clubs, diamonds, spades or hearts.
  • Full House is a hand consisted of two cards of the same value, and three cards that are all of some different value.
  • Four of a Kind is a hand consisted of four cards of the same value.
  • Straight Flush is a hand in which all cards of the same suite, but also they need to be arranged in a sequence, for example from 7 to Jack.
  • Royal Flush is a hand consisted of Jack, King, Queen, Ten and an Ace, but all five cards need to be of the same suite.

Online Pai Gow

In any of the hands, the remaining cards help determine the winner in cases when the competing five card hands are identical.

The Ranking of Two Card Hands

There are special rules set for the ranking of the two card hands. It is obvious that with two cards the only hand you can play is a pair i.e. a hand consisted of two cards of the same value, with a pair of 2s as the weakest, and a pair of Aces as the strongest two card hand.

But, there is also a No Pair hand. This hand is also valued, but here the weakest hand is a combination of 2 and a 3, while the strongest No Pair two card hand is consisted of a King and an Ace. A Pair hand always beats a No Pair hand. The Joker here is used instead of an Ace too.

The House Way

As mentioned previously, the House Way is a predetermined manner of how the dealer will play with his hand. This rule can vary from casino to casino. Somewhere you may find it more in your favor, somewhere you may not, in general it doesn’t vary substantially.

The Odds

Although Pai Gow Poker a house edge that is worse than craps, blackjack and baccarat, it is still a very decent edge that varies between 2 and 3 percent. Since it is a game of skill this edge can be easily eliminated with a little spell of luck. Also, since it is a much slower paced game compared to other games with a lot of ties and pushing your playing time is much longer and your bankroll is more prone to survive.

An Easy Pai Gow Strategy to Use

First, when playing Pai Gow Poker, whether using a strategy or not, you need to remember that both of your hands need to win. So basically you have to think how to equally distribute your hands. If you can’t form a strong five card hand, make sure at least for your two card hand to be as high as it can get in order to cause for a push and stop the house from winning. Or do the other way around, by setting a strong five card hand while making a weak two card hand.

If your hand is a no pair hand, just use the third and second highest cards for the two card hand. If you have at least one pair the highest two cards should be used as a two card hand. This strategic playing extends to different scenarios for having dealt 2 pairs, 3 pairs, three of a kind and all the other possible hands and involves how to split your hands and use the most of all cards dealt.


Pai Gow Poker has spurred so much interest in the public due to its ingenious way of playing with two hands at the same time so that many experts have even written books on the optimal strategies that can be used for playing the game. Try the game a little at any online casino offering it for practice, and we guarantee you will immediately like it.

Useful Pai Gow Poker Glossary

Back Hand: used to refer to the five card hand.

Pai Gow Game For Fun

Banking: this is when players bet either against the players or the dealer.

Foul Hand: this is when a player has not split his hands appropriately which means his two card hand is stronger than his five card hand. It is used in land-based casinos.

Front Hand: used to refer to the two card hand.

For a more comprehensive list of terms and phrases, check out our Pai Gow Glossary section.



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Check out our simple but yet effective strategy for Pai Gow.


Covers most of the important terms of Pai Gow Poker.


Need to read up on the rules? No problem, just go here.


Learn the old and modern history of Pai Gow.


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